Patients without health insurance more likely to delay care for heart attack

After Cancer - Now What? — By on April 14, 2010 at 6:10 am

From After cancer, now what

bspan style=”font-size: 14pt;”/span/bspan style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”In related news, water is wet, rocks are hard and if you jump off the roof of a skyscraper you might get hurt!/spanbr /
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span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”Patients who do not have span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_11″ style=”background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% transparent; cursor: pointer;”health care insurance/span, or those with insurance but financial concerns about accessing health care, are more likely to delay seeking emergency care for a heart attack, according to a study in the span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_12″ style=”border-bottom: 1px dashed rgb(0, 102, 204); cursor: pointer;”April 14/span issue of iJAMA/i./span br /
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/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”Although health care insurance status has been shown to affect use of preventive screening and span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_13″ style=”border-bottom: 1px dashed rgb(0, 102, 204); cursor: pointer;”chronic care/span, little is known about how this status affects decisions to seek care during an emergency medical condition, such as an span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_14″ style=”background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% transparent; cursor: pointer;”acute myocardial infarction/span (AMI; heart attack). a name=’more’/aAlso, studies have not examined whether financial concerns from the patient’s perspective about accessing medical care in those with health care insurance is associated with prehospital delays, according to background information in the article. “Because prehospital delays are associated with higher AMI morbidity and mortality, demonstrating that patients with no insurance or those with insurance but reporting financial concerns about accessing care are at higher risk for prehospital delays is important because it would suggest that reducing financial barriers to care—perhaps through expansion of benefits or health insurance coverage—could reduce delays and improve outcomes,” the authors write./span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”br /
/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”Kim G. Smolderen, Ph.D., of span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_15″ style=”background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% transparent; cursor: pointer;”Tilburg University/span, Tilburg, the Netherlands, and colleagues examined the association between lack of health insurance and financial concerns about accessing care among those with health insurance and the time from symptom onset to arriving at the hospi­tal. The researchers used a registry of 3,721 AMI patients enrolled between April 2005 and December 2008 at 24 U.S. hospitals. span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_16″Health insurance status/span was categorized as insured without financial con­cerns, insured but have financial concerns about accessing care, and uninsured. In­surance information was determined from medical records while financial concerns among those with health insurance were determined from structured interviews. Prehospital delay times were categorized as 2 hours or less, between 2-6 hours, or greater than 6 hours. These times were adjusted for various demographic, clinical, and social and psychological factors. /span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”br /
/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”Of the 3,721 patients in the study group, 2,294 were insured without financial concerns (61.7 percent), 689 were insured but had fi­nancial concerns about accessing care (18.5 percent), and 738 were uninsured (19.8 percent). Among those with insurance re­porting financial concerns, 82.8 percent reported having avoided medical care, 55.6 percent reported having avoided taking medications and 12.8 percent reported having had difficulty obtaining health care services due to costs./span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”br /
/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”Regarding delays in arriving at the hospital, a greater proportion (36.6 percent) of insured patients without financial con­cerns arrived within 2 hours of symp­tom onset compared with 33.5 percent of in­sured patients with financial concerns and 27.5 percent of uninsured patients. “Con­versely, a smaller proportion (39.3 percent) of insured patients without financial con­cerns arrived more than 6 hours from symptom onset compared with 44.6 percent of insured patients with financial con­cerns and 48.6 percent of uninsured patients,” the authors write. After adjustment for various factors, prehospital delays were associated with insured patients with financial concerns and with uninsured patients./span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”br /
/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”“These findings underscore important consequences from span class=”yshortcuts” id=”lw_1271085528_17″inadequate health care/span insurance cover­age for the substantial number of individu­als in the United States experiencing AMIs. The data also suggest that efforts to reduce prehospital delay times may have limited impact without first ensuring that access to health insurance is improved and finan­cial concerns are addressed in patients who seek emergency care,” the authors write./span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”br /
/divdiv class=”MsoNormal” style=”line-height: 150%;”span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;”The authors add that it is likely that uninsured patients and insured patients with financial con­cerns about accessing care not only de­layed seeking care for AMI, but also de­layed care for other common medical conditions, such as stroke, pneumo­nia, and appendicitis. “As a result, interventions that broaden and ensure the affordability of health insurance cov­erage in the United States may reduce times to presentation for all emergent medical conditions.”/span/divdiv class=”MsoNormal”span style=”font-size: 12pt;”(iJAMA/i. 2010;303[14]:1392-1400.)/span/divdiv class=”blogger-post-footer”img width=’1′ height=’1′ src=’https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/tracker/4713736175601908568-5666146446045509023?l=www.aftercancernowwhat.com’ alt=” //div
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